Where Solomon Islands are located - Ellbuzz


Solomon Islands 
is a group of islands located on the southern side of the Pacific, within the northeastern part of Australia. These islands are divided into two parts: southern and northern, the southern islands are part of Solomon Islands, and the northern islands are part of Papua New Guinea.

The southern islands include a number of islands, including Chuizol, Santa Isabel, New Georgia, Cuadalcaln, San Cristobal, Maltala and many small islands. The total population of the islands is 29,785 km2. The northern islands contain Boca Island, A geographical area estimated at 10,878 km².

The Solomon Islands to the south-east are the islands of Santa Cruz, with the southern borders of the Solomon Sea and the Coral Sea. The northern part is bordered by the Bougainville archipelago, and the Bismarck archipelago is bordered on the west by Papua New Guinea.

Geography The Solomon Islands
geological terrain is varied among the mountain peaks that have emerged as a result of volcanoes, valleys and coral islands, and a range of mountain ranges covered by dense forests. Makkarakambro is the highest peak in the Solomon Islands. Its height is 2447 meters, On a range of plains with green grasses that spread in most islands,
Rivers are narrow but allow small boats to pass, and lakes surround the islands' water coasts. The geographical area in which the Solomon Islands are located is seismically active; many earthquakes are hit by strong degrees, resulting in damage that includes deaths and injuries among the population.

Climate 
The climate in the Solomon Islands is tropical and tropical northwesterly winds occur between December and March, accompanied by heavy rains. Between April and April, As of November, the climate is cold, accompanied by commercial winds from the south-east, but dry. During the rainy season many hurricanes strike the Solomon Islands. The average annual temperature is 27 ° C, Rainfall I 305 cm, and the humidity up to approximately 80%.

Economy 
Since the late 1990s until 2007, the Solomon Islands economy faced many crises, which were caused by political factors including civil unrest and a coup in 2000, which destroyed the infrastructure of the economy and resulted in negative effects on many Of general economic fields, such as transport, agriculture and trade. In 2007, tsunamis and earthquakes led to a disruption of business, and a new downturn in the economy.

Service workers account for a large share of the total labor force, contributing to nearly half of GDP. Tourism is also one of the most important areas providing direct support to national income. Solomon Islands and Australia and China share trade relations that include the activation of the role of exports and imports. Agriculture relies mainly on cocoa and coconut, and the handicraft industry is part of the important economic resources of the Solomon Islands.

Solomon Islands has reserves of natural resources; it contains a large reserve of bauxite, phosphate and gold. The Solomon Islands Dollar is the official currency of the population in all transactions. Honiara International Airport is the main airport on the islands, All of the islands, which provide routes to organize domestic and international transport flights, and seaports are engaged in the transport of cargo, specifically external ones.

Demographics 
The population of the Solomon Islands is estimated at 635,027 inhabitants according to the statistics of 2016, and the population is divided into ethnic groups based on the 2009 estimated statistics. The Melanesian population is 95.3% and is considered the largest group within the population density. The remaining groups are the Polynesians who Make up 3.1%, the proportion of microconses to 1.2%, minorities constitute 0.3%.

Simple Melanese is the common language of the population. English is also used as an official language, spreading between 1% and 2% of the population. Protestant Christianity is the most widespread religion, and government expenditure on GDP is as follows: The expenditure on health is equivalent to 5.1% in 2014, while the expenditure on education reached 10% in 2010.

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